In the study, A prospective study of dietary fat consumption and endometriosis risk (2010), it was found, that specific types of dietary fat are associated with the incidence of laparoscopically confirmed endometriosis. Essential fatty acids have a profound effect on the reproductive system and are crucial for healthy hormone functioning. The equilibrium of the hormone system is reliant on a regular supply of omega 3 fatty acids. These essential fats are found in nuts, seeds and fish such as salmon. When omega 3 fatty acids are correctly metabolised in the body, they convert to the beneficial prostaglandins PGE1 and PGE3, which can help fight endometriosis. Both PGE1 and PGE3 are anti-inflammatory agents they protect against blood related diseases, by keeping blood platelets slippery and flowing, thus preventing blood clotting. Where as PGE2 is an inflammatory prostaglandin and increases platelet stickiness, swelling, pain and blood clotting. If you feel your diet is lacking in omega 3 fatty acids, speak with a qualified dietician, the wrong combination of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids can cause further inflammation. Western diets are typically high in omega 6 fatty acids and this can counter act any benefits from increasing omega 3 fatty acids.
It is important to balance your consumption of omega 3 and 6 fatty acids as well as limit consumption of saturated and trans fats. Saturated fats are found in fried and fast foods, they increase circulating levels of several inflammatory markers. Dairy produce and red meat are rich sources of saturated fat and contain a substance called arachadonic acid. Excess arachadonic acid triggers the production of PGE2, the inflammatory prostaglandin that causes endometrial cramps and the spread fo endometriosis.
Trans fats are unsaturated fats that act like saturated fats, they are found in processed foods due to manufacturing processes or from superheating oils and fats during food production, including: Deep fried foods, commercial cakes and biscuits and pies and pastries. The chemical structure of trans fats can interrupt the function of cells, lowering defences and encouraging the implants of endometrial patches.